In an earlier series, I wrote about the power of gain staging to structure your mix and shape your sound. I wanted to touch on that again and lay out a plugin chain that recreates an analog workflow. In short, it looks like this:
- VU Meter
- Console Input Stage
You can use any of your favorite plugins for this, but below I’ll go through the ones I like and how I’m using them to shape the mix.
Clipper // TDR Limiter 6 ($60)
DAWs work in 32-bit floating point resolution, which means they’ll let you get away with murder as far as gain-staging goes. Placing a clipper first in the chain simulates how analog gear responds to peaks; come in too hot and it shaves them right off.
Keep in mind that if you’re gain-staging properly, you should only be clipping off a peak or two across the whole song; this is just a safety to catch the big spikes. Vocals and sustained instruments should’t be anywhere close to clipping; as such, I only use this on percussive tracks such as drums & slapped bass.
Limiter 6 is an incredible plugin, and a full-fledged mastering tool in its own right. Here, I’m just using one of its modules to clip off incoming peaks. You can tune it to focus on LF & HF content, and you can set a soft or a hard knee as desired; I usually set it to a -6dB threshold with a 2db knee. Continue reading “Digital Tape: Recreating Analog Signal Flow in the Box”